What Is Navratri In Hinduism || Navratri History in English

What Is Navratri In Hinduism, Navratri means “nine nights” is celebrated to honor Mother Durga?

Throughout this period, Goddess Durga is worshiped in all her divine forms including Goddess Durga, Goddess Kali, Goddess Saraswati, and Goddess Lakshmi.

It is one of the most important Hindu festivals celebrated twice a year.

One which is known as “Chaitra Navratri” in early summer in March or April.

The second Navaratri is celebrated in September or October and is known as “Sharad Navaratri”.

Celebrating Navratri in India…

There are spiritual, natural, and mythological reasons why we celebrate Navratri nine days and twice every year.

Navratri is celebrated on the occasion of seasonal changes. One in early summer and the other in early winter.

At these seasonal junctions, Mother Nature undergoes a major transformation and is welcomed through the Navratris by the Goddess Sakthi, who is an incarnation of nature herself.

Witnessing both Navaratnas suited the weather conditions which is perfect for big celebrations.

It is believed that Lord Rama started the tradition of celebrating Navratri, In Hindu mythology, just before winter.

He performed Durga Puja before returning to Lanka and returned victoriously.

In both of these, the devotees of Navratri invoke Mother Durga which represents the supreme energy of the universe.

It is the underlying energy that drives the work of creation, preservation, and destruction.

“Durga” means one who removes sorrows.

People worship him with full devotion so that Goddess Durga can remove the sorrows from her life and fill her life with happiness, joy, and prosperity…

The Navratri of the Mother Goddess, according to the lunar calendar, falls in the month of Aswayuja / Aswayuja Maasa of Dwadashinarayana and marks the beginning of the Sarath season (early autumn) of the year and is called Devi Saranavratri.

The culmination of 9 days of worship of the Mother Goddess is Dussehra (ten (ten) + aha (morning) + Ratri (night)), the 10th-day festival known as Vijayadashami.

What Is Navratri In Hinduism
What Is Navratri In Hinduism

Mother Goddess is worshiped in 9 forms, on each of these days

  1. Shailputri (daughter of Himalayas)
  2. Brahmachari (who follows a state of celibacy while doing penance)
  3. Chandraghanta (who holds the moon in her necklace)
  4. Krishna (Creator of the universe)
  5. Skanda-Mata (Skanda’s mother, Karthikeya, born of her powers)
  6. Katyayan (daughter of sage Katyayan, who incarnated to help the gods)
  7. Kalratri (Kali as Kali, destroying Kashi)
  8. Mahagauri (wife of Lord Shiva, doing great penance)
  9. Siddhidatri (provider of siddhis, giver of mystic powers)

In South India too, the following forms of the Goddess are worshiped.

  • Day 1 – (Mother Durga)
  • Day 2 – (Children / Goddess as Bala)
  • Day 3 – (Union of Kashi Vishweshwar)
  • Day 4 – (Ved Mata Gayatri Devi)
  • Day 5- (3 Goddesses of the world)
  • Day 6 – (Goddess Saraswati)
  • Day 7 – (Goddess Lakshmi)
  • Day 8 – (Goddess of Durga, destroyer of evils)
  • Day 9 – (Goddess slaying Goddess Mahishasura)
  • Day 10 – (All Kings / Queen of Queens)

What Is Navratri In Hinduism

Alankaram can change every year according to This and Nakshatras.

It is said that one human year is equal to the day and night of celestial beings (devas/devas) and goddess Navratris, Brahmi muhurtama (about 96 minutes before the sun rises) to the gods and even all celestial beings. . During this time, worship the Mother Goddess.

Vijayadashami, the day of celebration, the day the Pandavas came out of Agnayatha Vasa (the stage of hiding in the Mahabharata) and Arjuna defeated the Kaurava army at the Virat Parva of the Mahabharata, clearly marked their intentions that the war was inevitable.

It is also believed that any work started on Vijayadashami will be a major success.

Sri Shirdi Sai attained samadhi even on the day of Vijayadashami.

The worshipers of Goddess Devi Maa (Sakshat) perform special puja and do special penance during these 9 days. Our honorable Prime Minister Shri Modi ji also fasts during these 9 days.

Navaratri is a celebration of Adi Shakti enshrined in the Mother Goddess. The name Adi Shakti or Adi Shakti literally means’ prana shakti ‘or ya prana energy.’ In Hinduism, it is the power or energy that affects the entire existence. In other words, he is not only powerful, but himself is power. He himself is the power/energy/force that allows all creation including conscious, lifeless, and divine. Among Hindu deities, all other deities are only incarnations or incarnations of Adi Shakti.

She is the entity from which the creation, and continuity, of the universe, is, and it is she who will take everything back to the end of her life. He himself is Prakriti (nature). {According to Lakshmi Ashtottaram}. She is the mother of all beings, ranging from the smallest insect to Lord Brahma {according to Lalitha Sahasranamam).

Thus, Navaratri marks a very important time in a year where a person can increase their spiritual progress in worshiping the Mother Goddess and work towards attaining salvation, which according to Sanatan Dharma is the last of a person aims at.

What Is Navratri In Hinduism


A different view from this.

There are four Navratras, like the four seasons. They all come during important fleeting periods of the season.

This points to the possibility that these festivals were designed to prepare our bodies for imminent changes in the seasons through dietary changes.

If someone sees the food that needs to be eaten, it is basically a detox diet. Thus the objective (apart from spiritual knowledge) may be to detox the body and prepare for the beginning of a new season.

This will reduce the likelihood of getting sick due to seasonal changes.



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